The Scout-Led Troop Blog #3: The Genius of Scouting

Bill Chapman

Bill Chapman

One of my assistant Scoutmasters told me that it used to be like “pulling teeth” to get his twin boys to get on their uniform and get ready for our troop meeting each week. Then, when the Scouts started running things, he came home from work one night and his sons were already in their uniform and ready to go. He asked them what happened and they said, “Scouting is fun!”

What made the difference? The genius of Scouting is that it taps into the innate desire of every boy to try out new things, test his skills, and become independent. Baden Powell knew that boys by nature wanted to hang out in “gangs,” or small groups of boys around their own age. Think of Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn building a raft and floating down the Mississippi River. Think of young boys all over America wanting to build a tree house and have their own club. Independence and having fun were at the heart of things.

Instead of seeing the evils in this “gang” mentality, Baden Powell saw in it a way of developing character. Scouting takes these natural tendencies and gives them a purpose for good that, at times, goes almost unnoticed by the boys. Even young men who may not have yet caught the vision of the Scout Oath and Scout Law are attracted to Scouting because it offers them the resources to do things they want to do with their friends.

There is no doubt that Scouts are attracted to pure forms of entertainment such as video games and even the adrenaline rush of doing something they know they are not supposed to do. But at its core, it is not evil they are attracted to. They love a challenge, an adventure, and learning new things. They are beginning to “feel their oats.”

I remember asking one of my Scouts once why he liked to go on our campouts. His response was: “Because my parents aren’t here.” This is no criticism of this Scout’s parents. This young man came from a wonderful family with loving and caring parents and he loved them. What he was expressing was not a dislike of his parents but a desire to be on his own. He was not old enough to be totally on his own, but he was old enough to begin to learn what it will be like to be on his own, while still under the gentle supervision of adults (other than his parents). A Boy Scout campout is the ideal setting for him to begin learning what it will be like to be on his own.

Before he realizes it, this young man will leave his parents and family for a mission, then college, a temple marriage, and raising a family of his own. When he walks out the door on one of these serious adventures, when he is truly on his own, it is too late for us to teach him how to be independent.

As a bishop, I remember speaking with another bishop at a BYU ward about some of my former priests who were in this bishop’s ward. All of them were preparing to go on missions. The BYU bishop informed me that some of these young men, who all came from fine families, were not regularly attending their Church meetings on Sunday. I don’t think they were delinquent because of a rebellious spirit, they just had never really learned what it was like to be independent before they left home.

As adults, our job is to train Scouts in the rules of the game of Scouting. Then we must have the humility and trust them enough to get out of their way and let them play their game. And it really is their game, not our game. The sooner we learn that one simple lesson, the better. We need to avoid the temptation to step in, take control, and make it our game.

To avoid this temptation, I suggest we carefully read, ponder, and pray about how this priesthood principle might apply to us in our callings in Scouting: “We have learned by sad experience that it is the nature and disposition of almost all men, as soon as they get a little authority, as they suppose, they will immediately begin to exercise unrighteous dominion” (D&C 121:39).

To align ourselves with the few who are “chosen,” we need to resist this temptation. When we exercise too much control over our Scouts, we deprive them of opportunities of learning how to solve problems and become responsible citizens.

Of course, there are numerous situations where an adult must intervene such as when there is a safety concern or where there is a behavior problem that must be dealt with by an adult. However, in my experience, when we train our Scouts in their duties and let them play the game, the circumstances that require adult intervention, other than for training, guiding, and mentoring, are few and far between.

“Scout-led” does not mean the Scoutmaster plays no role. Some Scoutmasters feel that Scout-led means that the Scouts do whatever they want to do. The Scoutmaster who does not properly train his Scouts and lets the troop play basketball every weeknight and run wild on their campouts does not have a Scout-led troop. The Scouts lead their troop within the boundaries of the Scout Law and Oath, Church and BSA policies, and gospel principles. Scouts “do the things that Scouts do,” of which there are many examples in the Boy Scout Handbook, Program Features for Troops, Teams, and Crews (Volume I, Volume II and Volume III), and Troop Program Resources. Within those boundaries, the Scouts are “free to choose.”

Part of our job as adult leaders is to ensure that the Scouts play by the rules. In teaching this principle, Clarke Green uses the analogy of how we teach a boy how to play a sport. “Imagine a basketball game where the players were carrying the ball rather than dribbling. You ask a coach why and they tell you; ‘the players all decided they’d rather play this way.’ Can you still call that game ‘basketball’?”

Likewise, in Scouting, we teach our Scouts the rules and give them time to practice, but when it is game time, we get out of their way and let them play the game. While the ball is in play, the coach is not allowed to go out on the field and certainly cannot advance the ball or score. At a troop meeting, campout, or other Scout activity, it is game time and the adults should be on the sidelines, observing and at times cheering on the team. When we have properly trained our Scouts, trust them with gentle oversight, and let them “do the things Scouts do,” we will see our Scouts prepare themselves to be future great missionaries, husbands, fathers, priesthood leaders, and leaders in their communities.


-Bill Chapman lives in San Clemente, California, and loves to surf, trail run, backpack, camp, do anything in the outdoors, and watch young men achieve the purposes of the Aaronic Priesthood through the Scouting program. The views and opinions expressed in this message are solely those of the author.


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  1. Steve Faber says:

    “Imagine a basketball game where the players were carrying the ball rather than dribbling. You ask a coach why and they tell you; ‘the players all decided they’d rather play this way.’

    Sounds like the boys are doing the Game Design Merit Badge…

  2. Bill Chapman says:

    Steve, thanks for reading and sharing that teaser to the Game Design Merit Badge!

  3. Stanley Stolpe says:


    Excellent post. You are exactly right with so many points in this article. One that stood out was what boy lead means. In program, I pull the features and tell the boy leadership you will do these features this year. You decide which month, which order, and how to execute. That’s boy lead. It is not laissez faire as you so state.

    PS. I was in the San Clemente ward from 1986 to 1989. Great Scouting area.

    1. Bill Chapman says:

      Stan, very good example. The 1st time I did what you recommend, the PLC started browsing through everything and was amazed at all of the options. And, it becomes their program!

  4. Bill Chapman says:

    By the way, one of things we would like to do with this blog is to find LDS troops throughout the US who have a scout lead program. If you know of any of those, please let us know where they are located and what they are doing. I think sharing those ideas will be an inspiration to all. And, Merry Christmas to all!

    1. Bill Chapman says:

      Scout “led,” not “lead.”

  5. Bill Chapman says:

    For those of you who may want to assess your troop’s efforts to use the patrol method, here is a great assessment tool:

  6. Daniel Ward says:

    Hi Billl, thank you for the blog!

    I sent an email to your address with questions about how you combined the three Troops from the Wards that meet in your building. I have the exact same situation happening. I have been asked to present to the three Bishops this Thursday evening and am struggling to find the most efficient way of doing this while also maintaining three separate charters (I would prefer just one charter but that isn’t recommended in the handbook).

    I am the Scoutmaster of the Troop that the other two units want to combine with. We have been successful and I want to make sure we can continue making progress. I would like to have the Scouts unified under one Troop number but don’t know how to make this happen. Not to mention the headaches of having to duplicate everything three times (camp registration, dual charter registration, internet advancement, district tracking etc).

    Please email me or give me a call (763-248-6983) so I can pick your brain. If anyone else has experience with this please let me know.

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